Publication list

Journal papers:
[Jxx]Tian, Y., Randolph, M.F. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “The Combined Loading Envelope of Plate Anchor Derived from Large Deformation Analysis”. Under internal review. Download
[Jxx]Zhou, T., Tian, Y. and White, D.J. (2015) “Finite Element Analysis of Pipeline Buckling”. Under internal review. Download
[Jxx]Zhang, W., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2016) “A practical large deformation finite element method for 3D
geotechnical problems involving complex free surfaces”. Computers and Geotechnics.
Download
[J42]Song, F. and Tian, Y. (2017) “Numerical Modelling of Geocell Reinforced Soils and Its Application in Geotechnical Engineering”. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, To be submitted. Download
[J41]Fu, D., Gaudin, C., Bienen, B., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2017) “Combined Load Capacity of a Preloaded Skirted Circular Foundation in Clay”. Geotechnique, Submitted in May 2017. Download
[J40]Fu, D., Gaudin, C., Tian, Y., Bienen, B. and Cassidy, M.J. (2017) “Post-preload Undrained Uniaxial Capacities of Skirted Circular Foundations in Clay”. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), Submitted in May 2017. Download
[J39]Zhou, T., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2017) “Effect of Tension on the Combined Loading Failure Envelope of a Pipeline on Soft Clay Seabed”. International Journal of Geomechanics, Submitted. Download
[J38]Tian, Y., Gaudin, C., Randolph, M.F, Cassidy, M.J. and Peng, B. (2017) “Numerical Investigation of the Diving Potential of Offshore Anchors”. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE). Download
[J37]Fu, D., Gaudin, C., Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Bienen, B. (2016) “A Comprehensive Formulation of the Uniaxial Capacities of Skirted Foundations”. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering (ASCE), accepted 5 December 2016. Download
[J36]Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., O’Loughlin, C.D., Tian, Y., Wang, D., Chow, S. (2017) “Recent development in anchor design for floating structures”. International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 27(1): 44-53. (Selected journal edition of 12th ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium, keynote paper). Download
[J35]Yan, S., Zhang, J., Tian, Y. and Sun, L. (2016) “Pore Pressure Characteristics in Isotropic Consolidated Saturated Clay under Unloading Conditions”. Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 24(1):19-25. Download
[J34]Xiao, Z., Tian, Y. and Gourvenec, S. (2016) “A Practical Method to Evaluate Failure Envelopes of Shallow Foundations Considering Soil Strain Softening and Rate Effect”. Applied Ocean Research, 59, 395-407. Download
[J33]Li, J., Zhou, Y., Zhang, L., Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Zhang, L. (2016) “Random finite element for spudcan foundations in spatially variable soils”. 205, 146-155. Engineering Geology, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2015.12.019 Download
[J32]Li, J., Cassidy, M.J., Tian, Y., Huang, J., Lyamin, A. and Uzielli, M. (2015) “Buried footings in random soils: comparison of limit analysis and finite element analysis”. Georisk. 10(1), 55-65. DOI: 10.1080/17499518.2015.1064141 Download
[J31]Li, X., Gaudin, C., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Effects of preloading and consolidation on the uplift capacity of skirted foundations”. Geotechnique. 65(12), 1010-1022. DOI:10.1680/geot./15-P-026 Download
[J30]Li, X., Tian, Y., Gaudin, C. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Comparative study of the compression and uplift of shallow foundations”. Computers and Geotechnics, 69, 38-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2015.04.018. Download
[J29]Tian, Y., Randolph, M.F. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Analytical solution for ultimate embedment depth and potential holding capacity of plate anchors”. Geotechnique, 65(6), 517-530. DOI: 10.1680/geot./14-P-228. Download
[J28]Fu, D., Gaudin, C., Tian, Y., Bienen, B. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Effects of Drained Preloading on the Bearing Capacity of Footings on Normally Consolidated Clay”. Geotechnique, 65(3), 231-246. Download
[J27]Tian, Y., Youssef, B.S. and Cassidy, M.J.  (2015) “Assessment of Pipeline Stability in the Gulf of Mexico during Hurricanes Using Dynamic Analysis”. Theoretical & Applied Mechanics Letters, 5(2), 74-79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taml.2015.02.002 . Download
[J26]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Chang, C.K. (2015) “Assessment of Offshore Pipeline using Dynamic Lateral Stability Analysis”. Applied Ocean Research,  50, 47-57, DOI: 10.1016/j.apor.2015.01.001. Download
[J25]Wang, D., Bienen, Nazem, M., Tian, Y., Zheng, J., Pucker, T. and Randolph, M.F. (2015) “Large Deformation Finite Element Analyses in Geotechnical Engineering”. Computer and Geotechnics, 65, 104-114, doi:10.1016/j.compgeo.2014.12.005. Download
[J24]Li, J., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Failure Mechanism and Bearing Capacity of Footings Buried at Various Depths in Spatially Random Soils”. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 141(2), 04014099. DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001219. Download
[J23]Tian, Y., Gaudin, C. Randolph, M.F. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “The Influence of Padeye Offset on the Bearing Capacity of Three Dimensional Plate Anchors”. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 52(6): 682-693. DOI: 10.1139/cgj-2014-0120. Download
[J22]Wei, Q., Cassidy, M.J., Tian, Y. and Gaudin, C. (2015) “Incorporating Shank Resistance into Prediction of the Keying Behaviour of SEPLAs.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering. 141(1), 04014080, DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001193 Download
[J21]Gaudin, C., O’Loughlin, C.D., Randolph, M.F., Cassidy, M.J., Wang, D., Tian, Y., Hambleton, J.P. and Merifield, R.S. (2014) “Advances in offshore and onshore anchoring solutions.” Australian Geomechanics, 49(4), 59-71. Download
[J20]Yuan, F., Randolph, M.F., Wang, L., Zhao, L. and Tian, Y. (2014) “Refined analytical models for pipe-lay on elasto-plastic seabed”. Applied Ocean Research, 48, 292-300. Doi:10.1016/j.apor.2014.10.003. Download
[J19]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Gaudin, C. (2014) “The Influence of Padeye Offset on Plate Anchor Re-embedding Behaviour”. Géotechnique Letters, 4(1) 39-44, http://dx.doi.org/10.1680/geolett.13.00056. Download
[J18]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Randolph, M.F., Wang, D. and Gaudin, C. (2014) “A Simple Implementation of RITSS and Its Application in Large Deformation Analysis.” Computers and Geotechnics, 56, 160-167. Download
[J17]Tian, Y., Gaudin, C. and Cassidy, M.J. (2014) “Improving Plate Anchor Design with a Keying Flap.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 140(5), 04014009, DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0001093. Download
[J16]Li, X., Gaudin, C., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2014) “The Effect of Perforation on the Uplift Capacity of Skirted Foundation on Clay”. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 51(3): 322-331, doi: 10.1139/cgj-2013-0110. Download
[J15]Li, S., Tian, Y., Zhou, Y., Jiang, B. and Wang, J. (2013) “Premature Refusal of Large-diameter, Deep-penetration Piles on an Offshore Platform.” Applied Ocean Research. 42, 55-59 Download
[J14]Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M. J. (2013). “Equivalent Absolute Lateral Static Stability of on-Bottom Offshore Pipelines”. Australian Geomechanics: Special Issue on Offshore Geotechnics. 48(4), 59-70. Download
[J13]Youssef, B., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2013) “Centrifuge Modelling of On-bottom Pipeline under Wave and Current Loading.” Applied Ocean Research, 40, 14-25. Download
[J12]Youssef, B., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2013) “Statistical Analysis Techniques in the Pipeline On-bottom Stability Analysis.” Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 135(3), 031701 Download
[J11]Cassidy, M.J., Uzielli, M. and Tian, Y. (2013) “Probabilistic Combined Loading Failure Envelopes of a Strip Footing on Spatially Variable Soil.” Computers and Geotechnics. 49, 191–205 Download
[J10]Tian, Y., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J. and Randolph, M.F. (2013). “Considerations on the Design of Keying Flap of Plate Anchors.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE, 139(7): 1156-1164 Download
[J9]Cassidy, M. J. and Tian, Y. (2012). “Development and application of models for the stability analysis of Australia’s offshore pipelines”. Australian Geomechanics, 47(2), 61-78. Download
[J8]Cassidy, M.J., Gaudin, C., Randolph, M.F., Wong, P., Wang, D. and Tian, Y. (2012). “A Plasticity Model to Assess the Keying of Plate Anchors.” Géotechnique, 62(9), 825-836 Download
[J7]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Youssef, B.S. (2011). “Consideration for on-bottom stability of unburied pipelines using a dynamic fluid-structure-soil simulation FE program.” International Journal of Offshore and Polar Engineering, 21(4):308-315 Download
[J6]Tian, Y., and Cassidy, M. J. (2011). “Incorporating uplift in the analysis of shallowly embedded pipelines.” Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 40(1): 29-48 Download
[J5]Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M. J. (2011). “A Pipe-Soil Interaction Model Incorporating Large Lateral Displacements in Calcareous Sand.” Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering ASCE 137(3): 279-287. Download
[J4]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M. J. and Gaudin, C. (2010). “Advancing Pipe-Soil Interaction Models through Geotechnical Centrifuge Testing in Calcareous Sand.” Applied Ocean Research 32(3): 294-297. Download
[J3]Tian, Y., and Cassidy, M. J. (2010). “The Challenge of Numerically Implementing Numerous Force-Resultant Models in the Stability Analysis of Long On-Bottom Pipelines.” Computers and Geotechnics, 37(1-2), 216-312. Download
[J2]Tian, Y., and Cassidy, M. J. (2008). “Modelling of Pipe-Soil Interaction and Its Application in Numerical Simulation.” Int. J. Geom., 8(4), 213-229. Download
[J1]Yan, S., Tian, Y., Liu, R., Wang, Z. and Wang, J. (2006). “Analysis on Interface Shear Stress of Thermally Insulated Ocean Pipelines under Installation.” China Ocean Engineering 20(2): 315-323 Download
Conference papers:
[C28]Castelo, A., White, D.J. and Tian Y. (2017). “Solving downslope pipeline walking on non-linear soil with brittle peaks and strain softening”. The 27th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference. San Francisco, California, USA Download
[C27]Fiumana N., Gaudin C., Tian Y. (2017). Active suction anchors for floating renewable energy devices. Proceedings of the 17th European Wave and Tidal Energy Conference, Cork, Ireland Download
[C26]Zhao, X., Luan, Y., Zhang, C., Tian, Y. and Huang, X.(2017) “Experimental and numerical study of pipelines shallowly embedded in sands”. Offshore Site Investigation and Geotechnics, London, UK Download
[C25]Gaudin, C., Li, X., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J.(2017) “About the Uplift Resistance of Subsea Structures”. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Seoul, South Korea Download
[C24]Niemann, C., Tian, Y., O’Loughlin, C.D., .Cassidy, M.J., and Reul, O. (2017) “Response of Piles under Cyclic Lateral Loading – Centrifuge Tests”. Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Seoul, South Korea Download
[C23]Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J., O’Loughlin, C.D., Tian, Y., Wang, D. and Chow, S. (2016) “Recent Advances in Anchor Design for Floating Structures”. Proceedings of the 12th ISOPE Pacific/Asia Offshore Mechanics Symposium, Gold Coast, Australia Download
[C22]Zheng, T., Cassidy, M.J., Tian, Y. and Gaudin, C. (2016) “Yield Surface of Deeply Buried Square Anchors under Out-Of-Plane Loading”. Proceedings of the ASME 2016 35rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Busan, South Korea Download
[C21]Tian, Y., Zheng, T., Zhou, T. and Cassidy, M.J. (2016) “A new method to investigate the failure envelopes of offshore foundations”. Proceedings of the ASME 2016 35rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, Busan, South Korea Download
[C20]Zhang, W., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2015) “3D Large Deformation Finite Element Analyses of Jack-up Reinstallations Near Idealised Footprints”. International Conference: The Jack-Up Platform – Design, Construction & Operation, City University London, UK Download
[C19]Li, J., Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2015) “Effect of Spatial Variability on Buried Footings”. the 5th International Symposium on Geotechnical Safety and Risk, Rotterdam, the Netherlands. doi:10.3233/978-1-61499-580-7-810 Download
[C18]Gaudin, C., Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Randolph, M.F., Wang, D. and O’Loughlin, C.D. (2015) “Design and performance of suction embedded plate anchors” The 3rd International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics. Oslo, Norway. Download
[C17]Wei, Q., Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J., Gaudin, C. and O’Loughlin, C.D. (2015) “Behaviour of OMNI-Max anchors under chain loading” The 3rd International Symposium on Frontiers in Offshore Geotechnics. Oslo, Norway. Download
[C16]Li, J., Cassidy, M.J., Tian, Y., Huang, J., Lyamin, A. and Uzielli, M. (2014) “Comparative study of bearing capacity of buried footings using random limit analysis and random finite element method” The 14th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics. Kyoto, Japan. Download
[C15]Cheng, N., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2014) “Numerical Study of the Combined Loading Envelope of a Skirted Spudcan Foundation” Proceedings of the ASME 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering. San Francisco, USA. Download
[C14]Li, X., Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Gaudin, C. (2014) “Sustained Uplift of Skirted Foundation in Clay” Proceedings of the 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering OMAE2014. San Francisco, USA. Download
[C13]White, D.J., Westgate, Z.J. and Tian, Y. (2014) “Pipeline Lateral Buckling: Realistic Modelling of Geotechnical Variability and Uncertainty” Offshore Technology Conference held in Houston, Texas, USA. Download
[C12]Li, X., Gaudin, C., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2014) “Loading rate effects on the uplift of skirted foundations in clay” The 8th International Conference on Pysical Modelling in Geotechnics. Download
[C11]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M.J. and Uzielli, M. (2013) “Probabilistic Assessment of the Bearing Capacity of Shallow Strip Footings on Stiff-Over-Soft Clay.” The 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris Download
[C10]Wong, P., Gaudin, C., Randolph, M.F., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2012) “Performance of Suction Embedded Plate Anchors in Permanent Mooring Applications.” The 22th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference: Rhodes, Greece. Download
[C9]Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M.J. (2012). “Developing a Dynamic Lateral Stability Analysis Package for Offshore Pipelines on Calcareous Sand”. Subsea Australasia Conference, Perth, Australia Download
[C8]Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2011). “Development and application of models for the stability analysis of Australia’s offshore pipelines”. Proc. 2011 Symposium on Coastal and Marine Geotechnics: Foundations for Trade, the 15th Annual Australian Geomechanics Society Sydney Chapter Symposium, Sydney, Australia (invited keynote lecture) Download
[C7]Youssef, B.S., Cassidy, M.J. and Tian, Y. (2011). “Probabilistic Model application in the integrated stability Analysis of Offshore on-bottom pipeline”. 30th International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE950047, Rotterdam, Netherlands Download
[C6]Tian, Y., Wang, D. and Cassidy, M. J. (2011). “Large Deformation Finite Element Analysis of Offshore Penetration Tests”. The Second International Symposium on Computational Geomechanics (ComGeo II): 925-933, Cavtat-Dubrovnik, Croatia. Download
[C5]Tian, Y., Cassidy, M. J., and Youssef, B. S. (2010). “Consideration for on-bottom stability of unburied pipelines using force-resultant models.” The 20th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference: 212-219, Beijing, China. Download
[C4]Youssef, B. S., Cassidy, M. J. and Tian, Y. (2010). “Balanced Three-Dimensional Modelling of the Fluid-Structure-Soil Interaction of an Untrenched Pipeline”. Proceeding of the 20th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference: 123-130, Beijing, China. Download
[C3]Tian, Y., and Cassidy, M. J. (2009). “Pipe-soil interaction analysis with a three-dimensional macroelement model.” The 19th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference: 2, 461-468, Osaka, Japan. Download
[C2]Tian, Y., and Cassidy, M. J. (2008). “A Practical Approach to Numerical Modeling of Pipe-Soil Interaction.” The 18th International Offshore (Ocean) and Polar Engineering Conference: 2, 533-538, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Download
[C1]Tian, Y. and Cassidy, M. J. (2008). “Explicit and Implicit Integration Algorithms for an Elastoplastic Pipe-Soil Interaction Macroelement Model”. The 27th International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, OMAE2008-57237, Estoril, Portugal. Download
To be published:
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Contact problem with sharp tip

A sharp tip (CPT) penetrates into soil. ABAQUS
Node-surface interaction works well both small-sliding and finite-sliding.
Surface-surface interaction works in case of small-sliding but in case finite-sliding of surface-surface contact (the default option) there is no result (seem no contact established and the cone penetrates without any interaction between the soil.
Still can not work out the reason. Keep here as note.

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A fully working IDE with ABAQUS Python

I have been painfully struggling with finding a good Python IDE, which can use ABAQUS Python (since it is installed, why bother install another version of Python?!!)

I ever used Spyder but it seems packed with PythonXY. So install another Python. And strangely it can not start with a flash. Do not have time to find the problem. Give up.

I intended to use Wing IDE again. The old version I ever used seems can not link properly to my new version of ABAQUS 2016. Sadly the new version of Wing IDE needs $. give up

Thinking about to try other things like anacoda pycharm but all seems take time to learn. andy they may all have problem linking with ABAQUS python. Give up

Finally noticed that Python Tools for Visual Studio. I have VS2012 installed on my computer. So I downloaded the compatible version
https://microsoft.github.io/PTVS/
Start VS, need Python environment:

Tools–>Options–>Python Tools–>Environmnet Options:
Give a name, i used Abaqus Python
Path :C:\SIMULIA\CAE\2016\win_b64\tools\SMApy\python2.7\python.exe
Windows Path: C:\SIMULIA\CAE\2016\win_b64\tools\SMApy\python2.7\pythonw.exe
Library Path: C:\SIMULIA\CAE\2016\win_b64\tools\SMApy\python2.7\Lib
Architecture: x64
Language version: 2.7
Path Environment variable: blank

It is workinging! Enjoying python debugging using Visual Studio interface!!

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aims and objectives – what’s the difference?

This is from the below link with acknowledgement to the original author
It is really helpful to understand the difference, especially in fund application.

aims and objectives – what’s the difference?

You’re ready, you’re aimed, and now you have to fire off the objectives. But you’re a bit confused. What”s the difference between the two?

An aims-objectives confusion might arise when you are writing thesis proposal and the introductory thesis chapter. It’s always an issue in research bids. The what’s-the-difference question can have you going around in ever smaller unproductive circles if you can’t figure out a way to differentiate between the two things. And the difference is something I’ve recently been asked about, so I’ve decided to post something of an answer.

Dictionaries are only vaguely helpful when thinking about aims and objectives. My desk dictionary says that an aim is to do with giving direction. An aim is “something intended or desired to be obtained by one’s efforts”. On the other hand an objective is to do with achieving an object, it’s about actions, “pertaining to that whose delineation is known”. Now who actually speaks like this? The fact that these definitions are offered in this very formal language doesn’t help clarify matters. But, once past the antiquated expression, you might discern that the difference between the two is somehow related to a hope or ambition (aim) versus a material action (objective). Or we might say – and it is what is commonly said about aims and objectives – the aim is the what of the research, and the objective is the how.

So taking this what-how as a kind of loose and sloppy differentiation between the two, the rough rule of thumb with aims and objectives is generally that:

(1) The aim is about what you hope to do, your overall intention in the project. It signals what and/or where you aspire to be by the end. It’s what you want to know. It is the point of doing the research. An aim is therefore generally broad. It is ambitious, but not beyond possibility.

The convention is that an aim is usually written using an infinitive verb – that is, it’s a to + action. So aims often start something like.. My aim in this project isto map, to develop, to design, to track, to generate, to theorise, to build … Sometimes in the humanities and social sciences we have aims which attempt to acknowledge the inevitable partiality of what we do, so we aim ‘to investigate, to understand, and to explore… ‘ But lots of project reviewers and supervisors prefer to see something less tentative than this – they want something much less ambivalent, something more like to synthesise, to catalogue, to challenge, to critically interrogate ….

(2) The objectives, and there are usually more than one, are the specific steps you will take to achieve your aim. This is where you make the project tangible by saying how you are going to go about it.

Objectives are often expressed through active sentences. So, objectives often start something like In order to achieve this aim, I willcollect, construct, produce, test, trial, measure, document, pilot, deconstruct, analyse… Objectives are often presented as a (1) (2) (3) formatted list – this makes visible the sequence of big steps in the project. The list of objectives spells out what you actually and really will do to get to the point of it all.

You have to make the objectives relatively precise. Having a bunch of vague statements isn’t very helpful – so ‘I will investigate’ or ‘I will explore’ for example aren’t particularly useful ways to think about the research objectives. How will you know when an investigation has ended? How will you draw boundaries around an exploration? In thinking about the answer to these questions, you are likely to come up with the actual objectives.

Objectives have to be practical, do-able and achievable. Research reviewers generally look to see if the time and money available for the research will genuinely allow the researcher to achieve their objectives. They also look to see if the objectives are possible, actually research-able.

Because the objectives also act as project milestones, it’s helpful to express them as things that are able to be completed – so for example scoping an archive of materials will have an end point which may then lead on to a next stage/objective. Even if objectives are to occur simultaneously, rather than one after the other, it is important to be clear about what the end point of each step/objective will be, and how it will help achieve the aim.

What not to do

It’s really helpful to think about what can go wrong with aims and objectives. There are some predictable problems that you want to avoid when writing them. These are some common aims-objectives issues:

• There are too many aims. One or two is usually enough. (I might stretch to three for other people’s projects if pushed, but I usually have only one for my own projects.)

• Aims and objectives waffle around, they don’t get to the point and the reader doesn’t have a clue what is actually intended and will be done – aims and objectives need to be concise and economically expressed.

• Aims and objectives don’t connect – the steps that are to be taken don’t match up with the overall intention.

• The aims and the objectives are not differentiated, they are basically the same things but said in different words.

• The objectives are a detailed laundry list rather than a set of stages in the research.

• The objectives don’t stack up with the research methods – in other words they are either not do-able, or what is to be done won’t achieve the desired results.

The final thing to say is that aims and objectives can’t be rushed. Because they generate the research questions and underpin the research design, sorting the aims and objectives are a crucial early stage in planning a research project. Aims and objectives are a foundation on which the entire project is constructed, so they need to be sturdy and durable.

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Remote desktop clipboard stops working

So what do I do when clipboard stops working?

Luckily fixing the issue is pretty straightforward and involves a few simple steps.

  1. Load up task manager (right click taskbar and select Task Manager)
  2. Go to the Processes Tab
  3. Select rdpclip.exe
  4. Click End Process
  5. Go to the Application Tab
  6. Click New Process
  7. Type rdpclip
  8. Click Ok

There, copy and paste should now work normally again.

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Bottom-up meshing

http://www.simulia.com/services/training/V67-Introduction-DEMO/movies/bottom-up-meshing_controller.swf

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ABAQUS PDE

ABAQUS PDE is capable of debugging local python files. Why bother using other Python IDE?

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Is it possible to colour the different components differently in a complex mesh?

Click on the Color Code Display icon.palette

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